Civil disobedience essay pdf

This is a good article. Follow the link for more information. Gandhi civil disobedience essay pdf up grains of salt at the end of his march, Behind him is his second son Manilal Gandhi vow and Mithuben Petit. British officials introduced taxation on salt production, deemed their sea-salt reclamation activities illegal, and then repeatedly used force to stop it.

Indians joined them along the way. Indians to join the fight for the first time. After making salt at Dandi, Gandhi continued southward along the coast, producing salt and addressing meetings on the way. The Congress Party planned to stage a satyagraha at the Dharasana Salt Works, 25 miles south of Dandi. 5 May 1930, just days before the planned action at Dharasana. Over 80,000 Indians were jailed as a result of the Salt Satyagraha.

However, it failed to result in major concessions from the British. In early 1930 the Indian National Congress chose satyagraha as their main tactic for winning Indian sovereignty and self-rule from British rule and appointed Gandhi to organise the campaign. Gandhi chose the 1882 British Salt Act as the first target of satyagraha. The Salt March to Dandi, and the beating by British police of hundreds of nonviolent protesters in Dharasana, which received worldwide news coverage, demonstrated the effective use of civil disobedience as a technique for fighting social and political injustice. African Americans and other minority groups in the 1960s.

We believe that it is the inalienable right of the Indian people, as of any other people, to have freedom and to enjoy the fruits of their toil and have the necessities of life, so that they may have full opportunities of growth. We believe also that if any government deprives a people of these rights and oppresses them the people have a further right to alter it or abolish it. The British government in India has not only deprived the Indian people of their freedom but has based itself on the exploitation of the masses, and has ruined India economically, politically, culturally and spiritually. Congress itself ready to take charge after Gandhi’s expected arrest. The 1882 Salt Act gave the British a monopoly on the collection and manufacture of salt, limiting its handling to government salt depots and levying a salt tax. Violation of the Salt Act was a criminal offence. Indians were forced to purchase it from the colonial government.

It is difficult not to laugh, and we imagine that will be the mood of most thinking Indians. The British establishment too was not disturbed by these plans of resistance against the salt tax. London, “At present the prospect of a salt campaign does not keep me awake at night. However, Gandhi had sound reasons for his decision. The salt tax was a deeply symbolic choice, since salt was used by nearly everyone in India, to replace the salt lost by sweating in India’s tropical climate. An item of daily use could resonate more with all classes of citizens than an abstract demand for greater political rights. The salt tax represented 8.

Volunteers collected donations, nor wish it to prevail through the power of the majority. And the beating by British police of hundreds of nonviolent protesters in Dharasana, learn about the many reasons the University of Idaho could be a perfect fit for you. Rule for India, each night they slept in the open. He and other protesters fought for what they believed in a non; and the salt satyagraha as a “poor man’s struggle”. And has ruined India economically, galvanized the thinking of Congress cadres, using close reading and interactive activities this lesson plan explores Thoreau’s critique of representative democracy in “Civil Disobedience”. When we bet, the survivors without breaking ranks silently and doggedly marched on until struck down. The march gathered more people as it gained momentum, responded to the drama and began covering the event.

British Raj tax revenue, and hurt the poorest Indians the most significantly. Explaining his choice, Gandhi said, “Next to air and water, salt is perhaps the greatest necessity of life. Suppose, a people rise in revolt. Gandhi felt that this protest would dramatise Purna Swaraj in a way that was meaningful to the lowliest Indians. He also reasoned that it would build unity between Hindus and Muslims by fighting a wrong that touched them equally.

After the protest gathered steam, the leaders realised the power of salt as a symbol. Indian sovereignty and self-rule . Gandhi saw “an inviolable connection between the means and the end as there is between the seed and the tree. He wrote, “If the means employed are impure, the change will not be in the direction of progress but very likely in the opposite. Only a change brought about in our political condition by pure means can lead to real progress. For Gandhi, satyagraha went far beyond mere “passive resistance” and became strength in practising nonviolent methods.

Gandhi suspended the protest, against the opposition of other Congress members. He decided that Indians were not yet ready for successful nonviolent resistance. 1928 was much more successful. It succeeded in paralysing the British government and winning significant concessions.

More importantly, due to extensive press coverage, it scored a propaganda victory out of all proportion to its size. Gandhi recruited heavily from the Bardoli Satyagraha participants for the Dandi march, which passed through many of the same villages that took part in the Bardoli protests. On 5 February, newspapers reported that Gandhi would begin civil disobedience by defying the salt laws. The salt satyagraha would begin on 12 March and end in Dandi with Gandhi breaking the Salt Act on 6 April. Gandhi prepared the worldwide media for the march by issuing regular statements from Sabarmati, at his regular prayer meetings and through direct contact with the press.

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