Free trade pros and cons essays are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. This paper reviewed the pros and cons of electronic medical records to advocate for the transition towards the use of electronic medical records.
The pros of EMRs discussed in the essay are: the elimination of medical errors, enhanced security and safety, and cost efficiency because of data consolidation. The cons of EMRs are possible privacy threats, lack of standardization since EMR is an emerging concept, enormous implementation costs, and loss of human oversight. A critical review of the pros and cons pointed out that even with the apparent drawbacks, the move from the paper records to electronic records are likely to increase the efficiency and safety of patient record management and enhance the quality of healthcare delivery. The identified resolutions on the issue include the participation and sufficient training of medical personnel on EMRs and reducing the cost of implementation in order to sensitize healthcare organizations to adopt EMRs.
For centuries, healthcare systems have relied on paper-based records, and the gradual transition towards computerized systems has been taking place for at least two decades in western healthcare systems. Nevertheless, the use of computerized systems in healthcare has not been widespread as the case of other sectors such as transportation, finance, retail industries and manufacturing. In addition, computerized systems implemented in healthcare systems have been used primarily for administrative functions instead of clinical practices. EMRs as a form of computerized medical record implemented to facilitate health care delivery. EMRs are a component of an independent health information system that allows medical personnel to store, retrieve, and modify health records.
According to Greenhalgh et al. EMRs are central towards the effective implementation of computerized health information systems and modern technologies in healthcare such as decision support systems. Irrespective of the potential benefits of using EMRs, paper-based records are still the prevalent means of recording patient data in most healthcare institutions and practices in the United States. This paper outlines the pros and cons of EMRs and takes a personal position on the issue that EMRs are required to enhance the quality of medical care. In addition, the paper outlines a resolution to the issue and implications for master’s prepared nurses. With numerous healthcare and medical firms migrating towards paperless record keeping, reviewing the pros and cons of EMRs is one of the most efficient methods of evaluating the ideal solution to the issue of safe and efficient management and keeping medical records.
Healthcare institutions are increasingly adopting EMRs over the traditional paper-based record keeping. Nevertheless, most healthcare institutions have adopted EMR are still using paper based records. As a result, there is the need for healthcare practices to evaluate the pros and cons of EMR to decide on whether or not to implement this form of records management system. EMRs have numerous advantages including accessibility. EMRs are the preferred record management system because they guarantee effective coordination of patient care by healthcare personnel.
Accessibility of electronic records is relatively easier and faster than the traditional paper records. The second advantage of EMRs is that it helps in reducing human errors. The study reported that the adoption of electronic medical records eliminated unsecure storage and inaccurate filling, which in turn removed the numerous layers of human contact that can lead to costly mistakes. The third advantage of electronic medical records is the high degree of safety and security. EMRs evade these scenarios with higher degrees of safeguards.
Electronic records are safer than the traditional paper records in terms of physical security. The fourth advantage of EMRs is that they are cost efficient, which is achieved through data consolidation. EMRs are cost-efficient because they get rid of costs associated with office supplies, paper and printing. EMRs enhance overall efficient by approximately 6 percent annually, and that the monthly costs associated with EMRs can be compensated by the costs of a few tests and admissions. The study also reported that EMRs are cost-efficient because they create a centralized location for storing electronic medical data, which helps in reducing the duplication of documents, and increases the speed of access and information exchange. Irrespective of the numerous advantages, EMRs have some drawbacks. The first significant drawback of EMRs is the high costs.
The second disadvantage of electronic health records is the potential privacy threat. The high levels of accessibility and portability of EMRs also tend to increase the risk of unauthorized access or data theft. Nevertheless, the Health Information and Accessibility Act requires that healthcare institutions to adopt adequate security measures to guarantee information of security of patient data. The third disadvantage of EMRs is the potential loss of human oversight.
However, it is evident that well-trained personnel have the responsibility of overseeing and ensuring that EMRs are functioning optimally. This is because EMRs are still a new concept, implying that standardization in terms of efficiency, productivity and quality are not yet feasible. However, the continuous advancements in technology and service levels will eliminate the concerns associated with this issue. In summarizing the aforementioned pros and cons of EMRs, it is essential to take into account the following critical points. The pros of EMRs include elimination of medical errors, enhanced security and safety, and cost efficiency because of data consolidation.
The cons of EMRs include potential privacy threats, lack of standardization because EMR is a new concept, enormous implementation costs, and loss of human oversight. A critical analysis of the pros and cons reveals that even with the perceived drawbacks, the migration from the paper-based records towards electronic records are likely to increase the efficiency and safety of patient record management and enhance the quality of healthcare delivery. Therefore, EMRs will guarantee both doctor productivity and patient safety. In addition, the implementation of electronic health records paves way for the adoption of other modern technologies in healthcare. The use of EMR goes beyond mere storage and retrieval of clinical data to facilitate other clinical practices such as diagnosis of patients and examining the body tissues, and monitoring the patient progress and response to medication. All these point out the significance of incorporating electronic records in healthcare practices. It is apparent that the transition towards the use of electronic medical records is beneficial towards the dissemination of healthcare services.
Therefore, there is the need to deploy appropriate strategies to address barriers of effective implementation of EMR. It is evident that one’s position on the issue has profound effects on the roles of advanced nursing practice. First, advocating EMRs has a significant effect on the advanced nursing practice as a teacher. In this capacity, the nurse teacher adopts an informative stand to educate on the benefits of EMRs and administer effective training towards the usage of the same.