You’ve reached a retired site page. PBS no longer has the rights to distribute the content that had been provided on this page. Find why our veterans are america’s heroes essay websites, online videos and more for your favorite PBS shows.
Subscribe to our Previews newsletter for a sneak peek at your favorite programs. Watch local and national programs from anywhere at anytime. John Kelly’s controversial statement on the Civil War, which blamed the conflict on failure to compromise, didn’t come about by accident. The Civil War Never Stopped Being Fought in America’s Classrooms. 813 0 0 1 . 696 0 0 0 1. 415 0 0 0 1.
748 0 0 0 2. 624 0 0 0 1. 47 0 0 0 13 6. 5 0 1 0 6.
Daughters of the Confederacy unveiling the “Southern Cross” monument at Arlington, Va. Civil War from White House Chief of Staff John Kelly reignited the debate over the proper interpretation of this historic event. But, while the facts of the Civil War and its causes are certainly important to restate in light of the controversy, it’s also important to remember that ideas like Kelly’s didn’t come about by accident. In fact, his entire statement, which elevates Confederate soldiers to heroes who fought for the noble cause of state’s rights, is indicative of the propaganda campaign of Confederate sympathizers that began in the final decade of the 19th century as they actively sought to gain control of the representations of the war in classroom textbooks. These efforts were aimed to combat what southern leaders viewed as the false history that their children had learned from textbooks overwhelmingly authored and published by northerners.
Southerners complained that these texts indoctrinated southern children in a nationalism born out of a Union victory, which relegated their region to a place of dishonor in the national narrative. During the first decade of the 20th century, the UDC and UCV engaged in a full-scale onslaught against the textbook industry. North as noble defenders of the Union and the South as ignoble rebels. By 1910, the Historical Committees declared mission accomplished. South poured into classrooms throughout the country.
Yet these southern educators did not rest on their laurels, believing there was still much work to be done. The committees’ aim was not only to oversee and control the southern narrative as it was taught in southern primary and secondary schools, but also to gain control of the southern narrative in all publications including trade and reference books. The leader of this formidable effort was Mildred L. North to which our southern girls and boys are being sent. Lincoln and vilifies Jefferson Davis.
South’s secession from the Union — the fact that slavery caused the war had previously been uncontroversial. Still, the revisionist campaign of Confederate sympathizers gained traction. In 1946, the NAACP embarked on its own nationwide textbook campaign, which began in New York to fight against historical inaccuracies and for the inclusion of black history in the school curriculum. 2011, on the 150th anniversary of the start of the Civil War. At that point, a significant portion of Americans — more than half, according to some polls — believed that the main cause of the war was states’ rights. Indeed, the debate over what to teach and how to teach it spans over a hundred years.
Textbooks are far less objective than we may imagine. They are not only a compendium of what happened in the past, but also a reflection of our present — and its politics. Historians and ALANA Histories at the Organization of American Historians. The original version of this article misspelled a historian’s name. He is Paul Finkelman, not Paul Finkleman. TIME may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.
VFW members and other patriotic Americans dedicate millions of hours each year working to spread patriotism and honor our nation’s heroes. From volunteering at VA hospitals and visiting class rooms to youth scholarships and recognizing teachers and scouts, the VFW is in the community. You can receive discounts, cashback, and many more exclusive offers while shopping online by verifying your eligibility with ID. You can find this offer and everything else at ID. Are you a new user? Promoting civic responsibility, patriotism, and supporting youth and local programs in communities across America are just a few of the many ways we give back to those who’ve afforded us our freedom.
The true character of America is measured by her communities and the people who work to improve them. Whether at a national level or in their own backyards, our members dedicate millions of hours each year working to spread patriotism and honor our nation’s heroes. Here’s how you can get involved. For decades, we’ve understood that the youth of today will be the leaders of tomorrow. That’s why the we remain dedicated to establishing programs designed for young people and educators – offering everything from college scholarships to classroom resources for teachers. As the nation’s largest organization of combat veterans, we’re dedicated to providing our troops and their families with the support they need during all phases of deployment.
Our members understand first-hand the burdens of deployment, and that’s why we have troop support programs ready to assist. Since 1899, we’ve fought to preserve the values that make America great because we know how important community service is to America. With volunteerism benefiting education, the environment, health sciences and civic projects, join us in this mission by getting involved in your community and honoring America’s veterans. We take service to our country seriously and believe in showing the highest respect for our nation’s most sacred symbol. From flag etiquette and history, to a large stock of “Old Glory” itself available at the VFW Store, we’re your one-stop shop for all things flag-related. Look no further for all things red, white and blue!